When was the last time you cleaned your vehicle's carburetor? Most motorists rarely if ever clean this part. It's not until a problem arises with their vehicle's carburetor that they acknowledge the importance of cleaning it.
Carburetors, of course, are designed to control the ratio of fuel to air that enters an engine's combustion chamber. Most vehicles have a single carburetor. The carburetor itself actually consists of several components. Regardless, fuel and air will enter your vehicle's carburetor before traveling to the engine's combustion chamber. Cleaning it will protect it from corrosion and contaminants, which could otherwise have a negative impact on your vehicle's performance.
You'll need a few basic supplies to clean your vehicle's carburetor. First and foremost, pick up a bottle of carb cleaner. Carb cleaners are products that, as the name suggests, are used to clean carburetors. It typically consists of a solvent chemical that's able to break down gum deposits. In addition to a carb cleaner, you'll also need some rags, detailing brushes and a pair of gloves to protect your hands from chemical exposure.
Take Out the Carburetor
While it's possible to clean carburetors without removing them, it's not particularly easy. You'll be able to clean your vehicle's carburetor more thoroughly if you remove it.
With the hood open, locate the carburetor. Depending on your vehicle's make and model, you may need to remove the air filter first. Regardless, you should be able to remove the carburetor using a screwdriver. Most carburetors are held in place with screws, or in some cases, clamps. the
Spray and Scrub
Now that you've removed the carburetor, it's time to clean it. Spray the carburetor with a light coating of the carb cleaner product. Make sure you cover both the inside and outside components with the carb cleaner. Using your detailing brushes, scrub the carburetor. You can also use some small rags to clean hard-to-reach areas of the carburetor.
Rinse and Reinstall
When you are finished cleaning the carburetor, rinse it in water and wait for it to dry. You can let the carburetor soak in a bucket of water for 10 to 15 minutes. After soaking, remove the carburetor from the bucket and wait for it to dry. Next, reinstall it back under the hood. As long as you reinstall it correctly, it should continue to function. That's all it takes to clean a dirty carburetor.